The Arab League - The League of Arab States
Arab League, informal name of the League of Arab States, a voluntary association of independent countries whose peoples are mainly Arabic speaking. Its stated purposes are to strengthen ties among the member states, coordinate their policies, and promote their common interests. The Arab League was founded in Cairo in 1945 by Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Transjordan (Jordan, as of 1950), and Yemen. There are 22 members in the Arab League now and Turkey has the permanent observer status.
KOSGEB participates all SME related activities in the Arab League.
Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
The Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) was founded in June 1992 in İstanbul with the participation of Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine. The Summit Declaration signed by the Heads of State and Government of the member states, promise an area of peace, stability and welfare in the Black Sea region. Serbia joined BSEC in 2004.
Working Group on SMEs was established in 2001 in BSEC.
KOSGEB has been the national coordinator of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization (BSEC) - SME Working Group which aims to develop SMEs and entrepreneurs in BSEC member states between the periods 2001 - 2003, 2006 - 2007, 2012 - 2013, 2014 - 2015 and 2016 - 2018.
Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building (CICA)
Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) is an inter-governmental forum for enhancing cooperation towards promoting peace, security and stability in Asia. It is a forum based on the recognition that there is close link between peace, security and stability in Asia and in the rest of the world.
The idea of convening the CICA was first proposed by Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev on 5 October 1992, at the 47th Session of the United Nations General Assembly
KOSGEB participates in the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) business forums and councils regularly.
D8 (Developing Eight)
Developing Eight (D-8) was founded by 8 countries that have great economic potential, various resources, a young population and a certain geographic region, in order to create new commercial opportunities, increase participation to international decision, making process, provide better living conditions, improve economic cooperation through concrete common projects and strengthen the positions of the developing countries in the world economics. To accomplish this mission, working groups established in various fields continue their operations.
KOSGEB attends the meetings of “D-8 Working Group on Industrial Cooperation” and meetings of “D-8 SMEs Governmental Bodies” which is organized as part of this working group. Public and private sector representatives participate in these meetings. The last meetings, namely 10th D-8 Working Group on Industrial Cooperation Meeting” and “6nd SMEs Governmental Bodies Meeting” were held 14-16 November 2017 in Abuja, Nigeria.
- Review of the previous meeting’s decision and progress report on recent developments based on the Task Force on Small and Medium Enterprises meeting (Cairo, Egypt, 2016)
Participants exchanged views on various aspects of the issue under discussions, and the following issues, inter alia, were highlighted in the course of the Meeting deliberations:
i. Nigeria would hold the SPX/Cluster Development Training Workshop in 2017 (to be confirmed);
Nigeria stepped down the hosting of the SPX Training Workshop and Turkey offered to host an experience sharing workshop on cluster development and capacity building in 2018.
ii. Iran to hold Workshop on SME Market Development Models in the third quarter of 2016.
Iran stepped down hosting the workshop on SME Market Development Models and offered to host SPX/Venture Capital workshop in 2018.
iii. Identifying focal points in SME organizations of Member States for better and direct communications;
The Taskforce resolved that two channels of communication should be established by each D-8 Member country – public and private (organized private sector (OPS) or business membership organizations (BMOs) that are responsible for SME development in their respective countries).
iv. Establishment of website for SMEs in D-8 countries which will help in organizing business matchmaking, exchanging information and data, identifying business opportunities and coordinating SME governmental bodies activities in D-8 countries;
The taskforce resolved that the D-8 secretariat should communicate modalities for each member country to make better use of the existing D-8 website (www.d8coop.com) to update information and structured data on SMEs; and to encourage the SMEs to cooperate and take advantage of the portal.
v. Project in the field of SMEs capacity building;
As highlighted in (i) above, Turkey offered to host a workshop on SME capacity building in 2018.
vi. Annual fair for SMEs product in any D-8 countries;
The taskforce resolved that from the 10th D-8 Summit, the hosting country should organize an SME fair as part of activities during each D-8 Summit.
vii. Project for green SMEs;
The taskforce resolved that each D-8 country is encouraged to share information on environmental friendly practices by SMEs in participating countries and to exchange such ideas among D-8 Member countries. The idea was further propounded that the D-8 Secretariat can pursue joint venture initiatives with UNIDO and other similar organizations on dissemination of information to SMEs in D-8 Member countries on green SMEs.
viii. Project on women and youth economic empowerment and leadership development;
Nigeria offered to host an experience sharing workshop showcasing some of its initiatives on women and youth empowerment as well as its entrepreneurial and leadership programs in 2018.
ix. Project on annual report on SMEs profile in D-8 countries;
The taskforce observed that the existing D-8 website should serve as a compendium on SMEs as such reports of this nature may be extracted from the website.
x. A study on best practices in SMEs support schemes within D-8 Member Countries;
The taskforce observed that this activity should go alongside the proposed capacity building and cluster development workshop to be hosted by Turkey in 2018.
xi. Discussion on the Project Proposal of Merging the Task Force of Automotive, Machinery, Cement, Iron-Steel, Textile and Garments, Chemical and Petrochemicals, Food Industries, Glass, Ceramics, Granite and Marble as Task Force of Manufacturing
The meeting noted the divergence of opinions on this subject. Some sectors cannot be effectively merged. The meeting is of the opinion that SME taskforce should remain distinct.
Participants also exchanged views on various aspects of the issue under discussion, and the following issues, inter alia, were highlighted in the course of the Meeting deliberations:
- Discussion and deliberation on new Project Proposals
The taskforce realized the challenges that SMEs face with access to finance and put forward a proposal for establishment of D-8 SME development bank. Iran was requested to put up a concept paper on the establishment and operation of a D-8 development bank for consideration, deliberation and onward submission to the D-8 secretariat.
The Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
The Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) (formerly Organization of the Islamic Conference) is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations which has membership of 57 states spread over four continents. The Organization is the collective voice of the Muslim world and ensuring to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony among various people of the world. The Organization was established upon a decision of the historical summit which took place in Rabat, Kingdom of Morocco on 12th Rajab 1389 Hijra (25 September 1969) as a result of criminal arson of Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied Jerusalem.
The Organization has consultative and cooperative relations with the UN and other inter-governmental organizations to protect the vital interests of the Muslims and to work for the settlement of conflicts and disputes involving Member States. In safeguarding the true values of Islam and the Muslims, the organization has taken various steps to remove misperceptions and have strongly advocated elimination of discrimination against the Muslims in all forms and manifestations.
The Organization aims, inter alia, to:
Enhance and consolidate the bonds of fraternity and solidarity among the Member States
Safeguard and protect the common interests and support the legitimate causes of the Member States and coordinate and unify the efforts of the Member States in view of the challenges faced by the Islamic world in particular and the international community in general
Respect the right of self-determination and non-interference in the domestic affairs and to respect sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of each Member State
Ensure active participation of the Member States in the global political, economic and social decision-making processes to secure their common interests
Reaffirm its support for the rights of peoples as stipulated in the UN Charter and international law
Strengthen intra-Islamic economic and trade cooperation; in order to achieve economic integration leading to the establishment of an Islamic Common Market
Exert efforts to achieve sustainable and comprehensive human development and economic well-being in Member States
Protect and defend the true image of Islam, to combat defamation of Islam and encourage dialogue among civilizations and religions
Enhance and develop science and technology and encourage research and cooperation among Member States in these fields
KOSGEB shares its experience on SME supports with various countries through “The Islam Development Bank” (IDB), “The Statistical, Economic and Social Research and Training Centre for Islamic Countries” (SESRIC) with “The Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry” (ICCI) under the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC).
Organization for Economic Development and Cooperation (OECD)
OECD’s mission has been to help its member countries to achieve sustainable economic growth and employment and to raise the standard of living in member countries while maintaining financial stability – all this in order to contribute to the development of the world economy. As a founding member country of OECD, since 1961, Turkey has been contributing OECD’s programs, policies and priorities. There are 20 establishing member countries of OECD (Turkey, USA, Canada, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxemburg, Germany, Italy, Portugal, United Kingdom, Denmark, Ireland, Greece, Switzerland, Austria, Sweden, Iceland, Norway and European Union). During time, number of member countries increased to 31 with the participation of Japan, Finland, Australia, New Zealand, Mexico, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, South Korea, Slovakia and Chile.
OECD is organizing meetings in order to exchange ideas and monitoring the developments in various policy areas with its 250 Committees and working groups. Turkey has decided public institutions as a national coordinator institution or related institution in those various Committees in order to participate to the meetings. Twice a year, Turkey organizes Coordination Meetings among those public institutions and acknowledges public institutions on the future developments and the planned activities of OECD.
KOSGEB is National Coordination in LEED (Local Economic and Employment Development). Also, related institution for the following committees and/or working groups:
- Committee on Industry, Innovation and Entrepreneurship
- Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy
- Environment Policy Committee
- Territorial Development Policy Committee
- Employment, Labour and Social Affairs Committee
- Working Group on Bribery
- Working Group on Export Credits and Credit Guarantees
Participating to OECD meetings, KOSGEB has improved its facilities on development of Turkish SMEs and contribute to OECD publications of its gained experience.
United Nations (UN)
The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights and the achieving of world peace. The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions.
There are currently 192 member states, including nearly every sovereign state in the world. From its offices around the world, the UN and its specialized agencies decide on substantive and administrative issues in regular meetings held throughout the year.
The organization has six principal organs: the General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly); the Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and security); the Economic and Social Council (for assisting in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development); the Secretariat (for providing studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN); the International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ); and the United Nations Trueteeship Council (which is currently inactive).
Other prominent UN System agencies include the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). The UN's most visible public figure is the Secretary General, currently Ban Ki-moon of South Korea, who attained the post in 2007.
The organization is financed from assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states, and has six official languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations’ global development network. It advocates for change and connects countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life. UNDP is on the ground in 166 countries, working with them on their own solutions to global and national development challenges. As they develop local capacity, they draw on the people of UNDP and our wide range of partners.
UNDP is an executive board within the United Nations General Assembly The UNDP Administrator is the third highest ranking member of the United Nations after the United Nations Secretary General and Deputy Secretary-General.
Headquartered in New York City, the UNDP is funded entirely by voluntary contributions from member nations. The organization has country offices in 166 countries, where it works with local governments to meet development challenges and develop local capacity. Additionally, the UNDP works internationally to help countries achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
UNDP provides expert advice, training, and grant support to developing countries, with increasing emphasis on assistance to the least developed countries. To accomplish the MDGs and encourage global development, UNDP focuses on poverty reduction, HIV/AIDS, democratic governance, energy and environment, social development, and crisis prevention and recovery. UNDP also encourages the protection of human rights and the empowerment of women in all of its programs.
Furthermore, UNDP publishes an annual Human Development Report to measure and analyze developmental progress. In addition to a global Report, UNDP publishes regional, national, and local Human Development Reports.
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), is a specialized agency in the United Nations system, headquartered in Vienna, Austria. The Organization's primary objective is the promotion and acceleration of industrial development in developing countries and countries with economies in transition and the promotion of international industrial cooperation
As of 2009, 172 states are members of UNIDO. The organization employs some 650 staff at Headquarters and in field representations in about 80 countries, and draws on the services of some 2,800 international and national experts (approx. 50% from developing countries) annually, who work in project assignments throughout the world. In 2007, UNIDO had around 850 technical cooperation projects in around 120 countries.
UNIDO's headquarters are located at the Vienna International Centre, the UN campus that also hosts the International Atomic Energy Agency, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization